Year : 1968 Act :THE JUDGES (INQUIRY) ACT, 1968.ACT NO. 51 OF 1968.[5th December, 1968.]
An Act to regulate the procedure for the investigation and proof of the misbehaviour or incapacity of a judge of the Supreme Court or of a High Court and for the presentation of an address by Parliament to the President and for matter-, connected therewith.
Be it enacted by Parliament in the Nineteenth Year of the
1.Short title and Commencement.
1. (1)Short title and Commencement. This Act may be called the
2. Definitions. In this Act, unless the context otherwise requires,-
(a) “Chairman” means the Chairman of the Council of
(b) “Committee” means a Committee constituted under section 3 ;
(c) “Judge” means a Judge of the Supreme Court or of a
(d)”prescribed” means prescribed by rules made under this Act ;
(e) “Speaker” means the Speaker of the House of the
3.Investigation into misbehaviour or incapacity of Judge by Committee.
3. (1)Investigation into misbehaviour or incapacity of Judge by
(a) in the case of a notice given in the House of the
(b) in the case of a notice given in the Council of States, by not less than fifty members of that Council;
then, the Speaker or, as the case may be, the Chairman may, after consulting such persons,, if any, as he thinks fit and after considering
such materials, if any, as may be available to him, either admit the motion or refuse to admit the same.
(2) It the motion referred to in sub-section (1) is admitted, the Speaker or, as the case may be, the Chairman shall keep the motion pending and constitute, as soon as may be, for the purpose of making an investigation into the grounds on which the removal of a Judge is prayed for, a Committee consisting of three members of whom-
(a) one shall be chosen from among the Chief Justice and other Judges of the Supreme Court ;
(b) one shall be chosen from among the Chief Justices of the High Courts; and
(c) one shall be a person who is, in the opinion of the Speaker or, as the case may be, the Chairman, a distinguished jurist:
Provided that where notices of a motion referred to in sub-
Provided further that where notices of a motion as aforesaid are given in the Houses of Parliament on different dates, the notice which is given later shall stand rejected.
(3) The Committee shall frame definite charges against the Judge on the basis of which the investigation is proposed to be held.
(4) Such charges together with a statement of the grounds on which each such charge is based shall be communicated to the Judge and he shall be given a reasonable opportunity of presenting a written statement of defence within such time as may be specified in this behalf by the Committee.
(5) Where it is alleged that the Judge is unable to discharge the duties of his office efficiently due to any physical or mental incapacity and the allegation is denied, the Committee may arrange for the medical examination of the Judge by such Medical Board as may be appointed for the purpose by the Speaker or, as the case may be, the
61.(6)The Medical Board shall undertake such medical examination of the Judge as may be considered necessary and submit a report to the
(7) If the Judge refuses to undergo medical examination considered necessary by the Medical Board, the Board shall submit a report to the Committee stating therein the examination which the
(8) The Committee may, after considering the written statement of the Judge and the medical report, if any, amend the charges framed under sub-section (3) and in such a case, the Judge shall be given a reasonable opportunity of presenting a fresh written statement of defence.
(9) The Central Government may, if required by the Speaker or the Chairman, or both, as the case may be, appoint an advocate to conduct the case against the Judge.
4.Report of Committee.
4. (1)Report of Committee. Subject to any rules that may be made in this behalf, the Committee shall have power to regulate its own procedure in making the investigation and shall give a reasonable opportunity to the Judge of cross-examining witnesses, adducing evidence and of being heard in his defence.
(2) At the conclusion of the investigation, the Committee shall submit its report to the Speaker or, as the case may be, to the Chair-
(3) The Speaker or the Chairman or, where the Committee has been constituted jointly by the Speaker and the Chairman, both of them, shall cause the report submitted under sub-section (2) to be laid, as soon as may be, respectively before the House of the People and the
5.Powers of Committee.
5. Powers of Committee. For the purpose of making any investigation under this Act the Committee shall have the powers of a civil court, while trying suit, under the Code of Civil Procedure,
(a) summoning and enforcing the attendance of any person and examining him on oath;
(c) receiving evidence on oath ;
(d) issuing commissions for the examination of witnesses or documents
(e) such other matters as may be prescribed.
6.Consideration of report and procedure for presentation of an addressfor removal of Judge.
6. (1)Consideration of report and procedure for presentation of an address for removal of Judge. If the report of the Committee contains a finding that the Judge is not guilty of any misbehaviour or does no suffer from any incapacity, then, no further steps shall be taken in either House of Parliament in relation to the report and the motion pending in the House or the Houses of Parliament shall not be proceeded with.
(2) If the report of the Committee contains a finding that the
(3) If the motion is adopted by each House of Parliament in accordance with the provisions of clause (4) of article 124 or, as the case may be, in accordance with that clause read with article 218 of the Constitution, then, the misbehaviour or incapacity of the Judge shall be deemed to have been proved and an address praying for the removal of the Judge shall be presented in the prescribed manner to the President by each House of Parliament in the same session in which the motion has been adopted.
7.Power to make rules.
7. (1)Power to make rules. There shall be constituted a Joint
(2) The Joint Committee shall consist of fifteen members of whom ten shall be nominated by the Speaker and five shall be nominated by the Chairman.
(3) The Joint Committee shall elect its own Chairman and shall have power to regulate, its own procedure.
(4) Without prejudice to the generality of the provisions of subsection (1), the Joint Committee may make rules to provide for the following among other matters, namely:-
(a) the manner of transmission of a motion adopted in one House to the other House of Parliament;
(b) the manner of presentation of an address to the
(d) the facilities which may be accorded to the Judge for defending himself;
(e) any other matter which has to be, or may be, provided for by rules or in respect of which provision is, in the opinion of the Joint Committee, necessary.
(5) Any rules made under this section shall not take effect until they are approved and confirmed both by the Speaker and the